Contingencies of Reinforcement. Chapter 5: Operant behavior. Quote 10

“Statistical techniques often inject a destructive delay between the conduct of an experiment and the discovery of the significance of the data—a fatal violation of a fundamental principle of reinforcement. (113)” Shared by Skinner’s Quote of the Day and Burrhus Frederic Skinner via Facebook Vicci Tucci – Single-Subject Designs are the way to go…

Contingencies of Reinforcement. Chapter 4: The experimental analysis of behavior. Quote 30

Although it is sometimes said that research on lower animals makes it impossible to discover what is distinctly human, it is only by studying the behavior of lower animals that we can tell what is distinctly human. (p. 101) Shared by Skinner’s Quote of the Day and Burrhus Frederic Skinner via Facebook Vicci Tucci – Trained my first dog who…

Contingencies of Reinforcement. Chapter 4: The experimental analysis of behavior. Quote 6

“The importance of programming is, indeed, often completely overlooked. For example, the statement that a given type of organism or an organism of a given age “cannot solve a given kind of problem” is meaningless until the speaker has specified the programs which have been tried and considered the possibility that better ones may be…

Contingencies of Reinforcement. Chapter 2: Utopia as an Experimental Culture. Quote 7

“An important point is that effective contingencies need to be programmed—that is, they are effective only when a person has passed through a series of intermediate contingencies.” (pp. 39-40) Shared by Skinner’s Quote of the Day and Burrhus Frederic Skinner via Facebook Vicci Tucci – An example would be, leaning a schedule of reinforcement which passes through a series of…

Contingencies of Reinforcement. Chapter 1: The Role of the Environment. Quote 29

“… when a craftsman spends a week in completing a given object, each of the parts produced during the week is likely to be automatically reinforcing because of its place in the completed object.” (p. 18) Shared by Skinner’s Quote of the Day and Burrhus Frederic Skinner via Facebook Vicci Tucci – The educational community’s language for Automatic Reinforcement is…

Contingencies of Reinforcement. Chapter 1: The Role of the Environment. Quote 25

“Teaching is the arrangement of contingencies of reinforcement which expedite learning . . . Programmed instruction is a technique taken directly from the operant laboratory, and it is designed to maximize the reinforcement associated with successful control of the environment . . . An equally important advance is the arrangement of contingencies of reinforcement in…

Contingencies of Reinforcement. Chapter 1: The Role of the Environment. Quote 22

“A culture is not the behavior of the people “living in it”; it is the “it” in which they live—the contingencies of social reinforcement which generate and sustain their behavior.” (p. 13) Shared by Skinner’s Quote of the Day and Burrhus Frederic Skinner via Facebook Vicci Tucci – I consider a Learning Environment as an “it” given that the Learner’s…

Contingencies of Reinforcement. Chapter 1: The Role of the Environment. Quote 18

“A language is not the words or sentences “spoken in it”; it is the “it” in which they are spoken—the practices of the verbal community which shape and maintain the behavior of speakers.” (p. 12) Shared by Skinner’s Quote of the Day and Burrhus Frederic Skinner via Facebook Vicci Tucci – Pay close attention to every word…

Contingencies of Reinforcement. Chapter 1: The Role of the Environment. Quote 8

“An adequate formulation of the interaction between an organism and its environment must always specify three things: (1) the occasion upon which a response occurs, (2) the response itself, and (3) the reinforcing consequences. The interrelationships among them are the “contingencies of reinforcement.” (p. 7) Shared by Skinner’s Quote of the Day and Burrhus Frederic Skinner via Facebook Vicci…

About Behaviorism, Chapter 14: Summing Up, Quote 9

Extremely important quote by Dr. Skinner… Shared by Skinner’s Quote of the Day and Burrhus Frederic Skinner via Facebook “Evolutionary theory moved the purpose which seemed to be displayed by the human genetic endowment from antecedent design to subsequent selection by contingencies of survival. Operant theory moved the purpose which seemed to be displayed by human action from antecedent…

About Behaviorism, Chapter 14: Summing Up, Quote 7

Shared by Skinner’s Quote of the Day and Burrhus Frederic Skinner via Facebook “Not only does a behavioral analysis not reject any of these “higher mental processes”; it has taken the lead in investigating the contingencies under which they occur. What it rejects is the assumption that comparable activities take place in the mysterious world of the mind.” (p. 246)

About Behaviorism, Chapter 14: Summing Up, Quote 1

Shared by Skinner’s Quote of the Day and Burrhus Frederic Skinner via Facebook “Introspective knowledge of one’s own body—self-knowledge—is defective for two reasons: the verbal community cannot bring self-descriptive behavior under the precise control of private stimuli, and there has been no opportunity for the evolution of a nervous system which would bring some very important parts of the body…

About Behaviorism, Chapter 13: What Is Inside the Skin?, Quote 5

Great quote from Dr. Skinner… Shared by Skinner’s Quote of the Day and Burrhus Frederic Skinner via FB “It is direct intervention and manipulation of the body which is most often cited today to illustrate the dangers of the control of behavior, but a much more effective control is already within reach through environmental manipulation. It is only the…